2.英语成语故事 要有翻译





        如果觉得学英语觉得枯燥的话,可以加点乐趣的元素进去。我在此献上 英语 故事 ,希望对你有所帮助。

成语 寓言故事 :Losing One's Head忘乎所以

        The gorillas in the valleys in the south often lived together in groups of several tens. They were fond of drinking wine, and even fonder of imitating man's behavior.


        People knew very well their habits and often put wine or distiller's grains on the roadside together with many straw sandals connected together with ropes.


        The gorillas knew this was a trick to lure them into traps and cursed:


        "Humph! Do you think we don't know your tricks? We'll never be taken in!"


        So they called one another, turned round and left.


        But they had already smelled the aroma of the wine, and couldn't bear to part with it. Even after they left, they would turn their heads to look back. When they saw no one there, they would turn back; and after they turned back, they were afraid of being deceived, and left again. After much hesitation, they finally said to themselves:


        "Just for a taste of the wine. It won't matter as long as we don't get drunk."


        Shortly afterwards, they agreed to come back to drink the wine. When they got drunk, they forgot everything. Every gorilla put on the straw sandals and imitated the way man walks.


        As a result, they fell down one after another and were all caught alive by people.


成语寓言故事:A Half Day's Leisure半日清闲

        One day, a high official wanted to amuse himself in a temple.


        His subordinates notified the monks in the temple three days in advance to prepare a good meal on time. So all the monks in the temple busied themselves with the preparation.


        The temple was situated in a remote mountain, surrounded by bamboo groves, and very tranquil. After the high official had strolled about for a while, he was very pleased. While dining, he recited lines from a poem of the Tang Dynasty:


        "Passing through the bamboo courtyard and meeting a monk,A half day's leisure is gained in this fleeting life."


        When the old monk heard these lines of the poem, he couldn't help laughing.


        The high official asked hastily:


        "What are you laughing about?"


        The old monk replied:


        "Your Honour have indeed gained a half day's leisure, but I have been busy for three whole days."


成语寓言故事:The Kingfisher Moves Its Nest翠鸟迁巢

        In order to avoid calamities, at first the kingfisher always selects a high place to build its nest.


        But when the young birds are hatched, it will move to a place a little lower to build its nest. This is because the kingfisher is particularly fond of its offspring and is afraid they而ght fall down from a high place.


        When the young birds grow beautiful feathers, the kingfisher will become even fonder of them and more protective, so it will move its nest further downward, with the result that the young birds are easily taken away by people.


英语成语故事 要有翻译


       A farm wanted to eat good food every day, but he didn’t like working. He often went to other farmer’s homes. When they ate1, he ate with them, so the farms didn’t like him.


        One day, he saw a hare running down the hill. The hare knocked against2 a tree in his field, broke its neck and fell dead. The farmer was so happy. “Great!” he went to the tree and got the dead hare, and went home with it.


        That day, he ate a lot. He thought that the meat of the hare was very nice. The next day, he put down3 his hoe, and waited by the tree for a second hare to turn up4. He waited all day long, but no hare come at all.



        注释:1. ate 吃。他是eat的过去式,这是一个变化不规则的动词,他的过去分词是:eaten

        2. knock against 碰撞

        例:He walked and thought something, suddenly he knocked against a wall.


        3. put down 放下

        例:Put down the gun. 把枪放下。

        4. turn up 出现

        例:I hope the book I lost will turn up. 我希望丢掉的那本书能再出现。

        turn 构成的短语还有 turn on 打开;turn off 关上;turn down调低;turn in递交等等


       Sweat is HuoGuang, emperor han commander-in-chief of TuoGu ministers, drinking eight years of emperor han style-came kisen, ruling pomp very heavy. HuoGuang nearby have a call YangChang people, act is timid, popular with HuoGuang recognition, rose to prime minister position, seal for anping syndrome. Actually, YangChang humanness cowardly incompetence, timid, not when the prime minister of the material. 74 B.C., was only twenty one-year-old han emperor died.both in WeiYangGong kisen, with all the princes HuoGuang counsel, chose the emperor's grandson made WangLiuHe nearbu heir. Behold LiuHe ascended the mid-north song and dance, often pleasure-resorts. HuoGuang heard later, anxieties, and bike ride general ZhangAn births, TianYanNian secret counsel, on to nullify LiuHe, set up other Yin jun. After TianYanNian HuoGuangPa goading agreed to jointly YangChang, tell gun. YangChang all of a sudden, she was scared to sweat, panic, just something indistinctly fence. YangChang wife, is TaiShiGong sima qian's daughter, quite have the guts. She saw her husband shilly-shally appearance, secretly worried, while TianYanNian change clothes walk away, infero-anterior advised her husband and said, "National affairs, will shilly-shally. General has ChengYi, you should also chosin reservoir, otherwise inevitable difficult ahead." YangChang step back and forth in the house, but had no acid attention. Just at this time TianYanNian back, SiMaFu people avoid inferior, straight-tempered without embarrassment and TianYanNian meet, told TianYanNian, her husband willing to listen to the general's command. TianYanNian after listening pleased to take leave walk. TianYanNian returns HuoGuang, HuoGuang very satisfied. YangChang brought all the princes immediately arrange table, playing please dowager. The next day, YangChang advice, ernie see luang nearbu king unbearable successin statement of reason. Queen letter removed immediately LiuHe, another sign of emperor of the once SunLiu enquiry for jun, was said han XuanDi.

       Idioms citations, han shu YangChang biography of our afraid, not words. Jia sweated back ACTS yes just.

       Idioms interpretations ", "Jia drenched, sweating much soaked backbone. Describe sweat. Also describe extreme fear or ashamed excessive.

        汗流浃背 汉大将军霍光,是汉武帝的托孤重臣,辅佐八岁即位的汉昭帝执政,威势很重。霍光身边有个叫杨敞的人,行事谨小慎微,颇受霍光赏识,升至丞相职位,封为安平候。其实,杨敞为人懦弱无能,胆小怕事,根本不是当丞相的材料。公元前74年,年仅廿一岁的汉昭帝驾崩于未央宫,霍光与众臣商议,选了汉武帝的孙子昌邑王刘贺作继承人。谁知刘贺继位后,经常宴饮歌舞,寻欢作乐。霍光听说后,忧心忡忡,与车骑将军张安世、大司马田延年秘密商议,打算废掉刘贺,另立贤君。计议商定后,霍光派田延年告诉杨敞、以便共同行事。杨敞一听,顿时吓得汗流浃背,惊恐万分,只是含含糊糊,不置可否。杨敞的妻子,是太史公司马迁的女儿,颇有胆识。她见丈夫犹豫不决的样子,暗暗着急,趁田延年更衣走开时,上前劝丈夫说;“国家大事,岂能犹豫不决。大将军已有成议,你也应当速战速决,否则必然太难临头。”杨敞在房里来回酸步,却拿不定注意。正巧此时田延年回来,司马夫人回避不及,索性大大方方地与田延年相见,告知田延年,她丈夫愿意听从大将军的吩咐。田延年听了后高兴地告辞走了。田延年回报霍光,霍光十分满意,马上安排杨敞领众臣上表,奏请皇太后。第二天,杨敞与群臣遏见皇太后,陈述昌邑王不堪继承王位的原因。太后立即下诏废去刘贺,另立汉武帝的曾孙刘询为君,史称汉宣帝。













       Imitating Another without Success and Losing What Used to Be One'sOwn Ability

        Tradition has it that more than 2,oooyears ago,there lived a young man in the Shouling area of the State of Yan.As his name is not known ,we just call him Shouling young man for convenience's sake.

        self confident He was at a loss as to how to behave all the time.

        His family members advised him to overcome this shortcoming,but he thought they were fond of poking their noses into his business and were unwilling to provide him with tuition fee.His relatives and neighbours sneered at him,saying that he would never be able to learn anything.Asthe days went by,he even began to doubt whether he should walk the way he did,for he felt more and more that his walking gestures were too clumsy and awkward.

        One day,he met some people on the road who werechattingand laughing.One of themsaid that people in Handan walked most gracefully.And thatwas just what he was most concerned about,so he hurreed towards themand wanted to make further inquiries.To his surprise,when these people saw him,they stalked off laughing.

        He could not picture to himself in what way their walking gestures were graceful,no matter how hard he racked his parents one day.He went to Handanwhich was far away to learn how to walk.

        As soon as he arrived in Handan,he was dazzled to find that everything was novel.He learned from the children there how to walk,because he thought that the children's walking gestures were lively and pleasing to the eye.He learnd from the old people there how to walk,because he thought the old people's walking gestures were steady .He learnd from the women there how to walk,because he thought the women' swaying walking gestures were beautiful.That being the case with him ,in less than half a month he even forgot how to walk.As he had already used up his traveling expenses,he had to crawl back home.

        Thisstory come from the article"Autumn Water"in The Works of Xhuang Zi(Zhuang Zi was a famous ancient Chinese philosopher of about 300B.c.).Later the set phrase"initating another without success and losing what used to be one's own ability"is used to refer to acts of copying others mechanisally in disregard of specififc conditions.





       The Latecomers Surpass the Old-timers

        This set phrase is derived from the complaints Ji An made to the emperor.

        Ji Anlived at the time of Emperor Wudi of the Western Han Dynasty (206 B.C.-A.D.24). He was respected for being upright and just and for daring to speak the truth. He did not bother about amall matters in personal behaviour and in being an official. He was particular about actual effects and ,although he did not cause a stir ,he could keep the prefecture he governed in perfect order. Because of this. the imperial court transferred him to the central government from being the perfect of the Donghai Prefecture to being a commander in charge of the appointment and dismissal of the local officals.

        Once,Emperor Wudi said that he would implement the policy of benevolence and justice of Confucianism and would do good turns to the people.Emperor Wudi Had hardly finished his remards when Ji An said that there was no need for the emperor to say so.Why should the emperor bother,Ji An said, about pretending to implement the policy of benevolence and justice since he was so greedy and avaricious within himself? This choked the emperor off. The emperor suddenly Changed his countenance and declared the meeting over. All the civilian and military officers at court were breathless with anxiety for fear that Ji An might bring disaster upon himself because of this. After returning, Emperor Wudi said to the people around him that Ji An was a little too rude and too straightforward.

        For this reason ,Ji An was never promoted again. When he was the commander in charge of the appointment and dismissal of the local officials, both Gongsun Hong and Zhang Tang were low -ranking lfficials of little importance. Later ,they were promoted continuously. Gongsun Hong became the prime minister and Zhang Tang became the imperial censor. However, JiAn's post remained thesame. One day, Ji An said to Emperor Wudi that the way the emperor used his ministers was just like piling up firewood, which meant that the latecomers surpassed the old-timers. Of course, Emperor Wudi could see that Ji An was complaining. So,turning to his ministers, Emperor Wudi said, "It is true that no one can stop learning.You see, Ji An is making more and more indiscreet remarks."

        This story comes from The Historical Records. Later generations use the set phrase "the latecomers surpass the old-timers " to indicate that successors can cxcel the predecessors, which is quite different from the original idea when Ji An said that the latecomers surpassed the old-timers.

       Peaches and Plums Do Not Have to Talk, Yet the World Beats a Path to Them--Natural Attraction(桃李不言,下自成蹊)

        Duing the Western Han Dynasty(206 B.C.- A.D.24)Period, there was a very famous general whose name was Li Guang. He was very brave and skillful in battle, and had fought more than seventy battles with the Huns, an ancient nationality in China.Having made brilliant achievements in war, he was deeply loved and esteemed by the officers and men as well as the common people. However,he did not claim credit for himself and become arrogant,although he held a high post,commanding a big army,and had rendered outstanding service in defending the county. He was not only polite and amiable, but also shared weal and woe with the soldiers. He always had the troops under his commandat heart,and whenever gifts were bestowed to him by the imperial government,he distributed the gifts to his officers and men. When marching, he endured the torments of hunger and thirst as the soldiers did when food and water were in short supply. When fighting, he charged at the head of his men,and ,when he gave the order,every soldier advanced bravely to engage in fighting,not fearing death.

        When the sad news of the heath of General Li Guang reached the militaty camp,the officers and men of the whole army wept bitterly.